This study is on impact of mobile phones among agricultural farmers in Otukpo, Benue state. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected farms in Otukpo, Benue state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up farm managers, supervisor, farm attendants and junior staffs were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
- Background of the study
Communication which is so much a part of us, sees to be everywhere at the same time, it is central to all human interactions. It is the most basic and one of the earliest activities of human beings. Communication as an integral part of our existence for there to be any meaningful development, there has to be communication between initiator of the developments process and the target audience of this development project. All development depends on knowledge and this knowledge is a function of the amount and quality of facts at ones disposal. The farmers needs information on possibilities that exist for improving on their lot and how to effect the necessary changes. They also need specific information on how to do things that will result in an improvement of their farming yield.
Agreeing on the role of communication, Ebo (1999:24) observes that communication in development can teach new skills act as multiplier of resources, raise levels of aspiration as incentive
for action, raise level of people, help to find new norms and harmony in periods of transaction change the structure in a society by knowledge to the mares, create sense of nationality and led to increased political participation, promote people need in satisfying developments projects and making economic, social and political development a self perpetual process.
Due to this important role of communication, mobile phone have been given a prominent role in communicating development messages to the people. In a similar view Abiri (2011:1) says that today’s world seems to be dominated by improved technology has made much impact in communication, mass communication in particular. Improved technology has greatly increase the efficiency of communication to the extent that the process can send and receive messages around the world and into space with maximum speed and efficiency. The point of the matter here however is on the telecommunication industry. Technological revolution has impacted so much on telecommunication sectors to the extent that it becomes of the fastest growing industries in the world. Efficient telecommunication services play vital role in modern societies of money developed and developing nations. In Nigeria, the first national development plan (1963 – 1968) identified the need for rapid development of telecommunication sector. Commenting on telecommunication Ndula (2002:5) asserted that today the growth of telecommunication has been accompanied with significant advances in technology research. One of the latest in modern telecommunication, central to information technology is the mobile phones. Today the much anticipated system of mobile communication recently introduced in Nigeria has brought about a total revolution in the history of telecommunication development in Nigeria.
The importance of mobile phones among farmers cannot be overemphasized as it makes it very easy for farmers to interact with ease and immediacy. Farmers operators use mobile phones to make speedily appointments, quite clarification and instant reply of the messages.
Mobile phones have gone through a long process of evolution and all through about six decades of continuous evolution, the mobile phone has retained its relevance to the life of the modern man. At every stage in his growth curve, it has undergone metamorphosis, adding features and functionalities that make it even more indispensable. It started as an extension of the landline, a bridge between the home and office landlines. It found relevance in the need of the modern professional to remain in communication in and out of home or office, at lay in the car, at lauch and anywhere else. The mobile phone has since moved up from this sophistic role to become more actually involved in the way modern business are educated. Apart from, being a tool for mobile voice communication, mobile phones today are a hybrid of personal computers and a communication device. They come with screens, miniky boards storage for personal information such as contacts, email, documents, the ability to play video files, games and a communications capacity. With these features and functionality. Come a wide range of other uses, a mobile phone can put into a business or work environment apart from the traditional voice communication. Now mobile phone makes it possible for a busy executive to work from any part of the world. He can access the treats critical emails sent to him regardless of how far way from the office her or she works. All he needs to do is to access the internet via his or her mobile phone.What promises to be a killer application in mobile services in a short while is mobile television. This service will enable mobile phone subscribers watch television programmes on the mobile phones. Imagine driving on your car to your office and watching amplitude modulation express on Nigeria television authority on your mobile phone or wanting at the airport for a flight and catching up with your favourite comedy series on a local television station. Imagine sharing your television experience with your friends and family and receiving advertising targeted to your needs. These are all possibilities that mobile television offered.
It was in this regard that Comer and Howthon (400:11) says communication is essentially a social affairs man has evolved a lot of different systems of communication which render his social life possible and not in the sense of living a packs for hunting or making war, but in a sense unknown to animals.
- STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Farmers in Otukpo finds it difficult to get adequate agric information from extension workers.
Most of the Otukpo farmers do not make frequent use of their mobile phone due to power failure in Otukpo.
Farmers in Otukpo do not know the alternative source of power for changing their mobile phone in order to get adequate agricultural information.
- OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are;
- To find information on alternative ways of getting agric information outside the extension workers
- To identify major solution to the problems facing farmers in Otukpo in getting agric information easy.
- To find information on the alternative sources of power for charging their phones in order to get adequate agricultural information.
- RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
H0: there is no major solution to the problems facing farmers in Otukpo in getting agric information easy.
H1: there is major solution to the problems facing farmers in Otukpo in getting agric information easy
.H02: there are no alternative sources of power for charging their phones in order to get adequate agricultural information
H2: there are alternative sources of power for charging their phones in order to get adequate agricultural information
- SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The significance of this study are as follows:
- The study will provide information on the alternative source of information for Otukpo farmers, outside agric extension workers.
- The study will provide information on solutions to problems of GSM phones used by Otukpo farmer’s
iii. The study will also provide information on alternative source of charging their mobile phone.
- SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study covers impact of mobile phones among agricultural farmers in Otukpo Benue state. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
- a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
- b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Mobile phone: Mobile phones are electronic devices used to make mobile telephone calls across wide geographical areas.
Impact: This refers to the powerful effect that something has on somebody or something.
Farmers: A farmer is a person who own or manage a farm.
Agriculture: This refers to the science or practice of farming
Information: This refers to facts or details about somebody or something.
Communication: These is the method of sending information, especially telephone, radio and computer.
G.S.M: Means global system for mobile
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study